NOIDA– In a language survey at JNU, the most common mother-tongues of the students besides Hindi were identified as Bengali, Bhojpuri, and Malayalam. This survey was conducted by Centre for Linguistics (CL), Jawahar Lal Nehru University.
The findings are the part of Langscape- a survey conducted by the varsity after every six years to know the language preferences of the students. First round of the survey was performed in 2011 and the next round took place in 2017. It’s not aimed at just figuring out the multilingual nature of the students, but also to analyze and compare the differences.
A website named Flingjnu.com has been designed on 19th February 2019 to record the stats of the survey and it stands for Field Linguistics at JNU. Apart from showing the data of Langscape survey, the website comprises of other components of interest to linguistics, encompassing grammar of Gaddi Language which is a common language in Northern India- especially in Himachal Pradesh.
The idea of making such a website was floated in 2016 and Professor Ayesha Kidwai along with a few of the PhD students designed this website. On the homepage of the website, it reads, “JNU is known for its inclusive character, so it is essential for surveys like Langscape to be repeated in regular intervals to better understand the languages that play a role in the campus life.”
Langscape 2017 was performed among 1,788 students through physical questionnaire and online through Google Forms. There were 179 languages were reported as the mother tongues of the students among which, Hindi was on top with Bengali (153), Malayalam (87), and Bhojpuri (80) following.
There was also one more finding that out of all the participants, 835 were conversant with more than three languages, 600 were tri-lingual, 281 were able to speak two languages, and 58 were found as monolingual.
In 2011, the survey sample size was 2,110, of which only six were recorded as monolingual. In 2011, apart from Hindi & English, Bengali (363), Urdu (352) and Bhojpuri (263) were recorded as the most spoken languages on the JNU campus.