It is told by NGO that out of four, three working children in India refuse their right to education virtually, which means that the majority of them are mostly engaged in agriculture and related industries.
According to the census 2011 and data-sets released in 2016, the percentage of the children and adolescents below 18 years of age who are engaged in agriculture and related industries is an exorbitant 62.5 per cent.
According to NGO, 25.23 million out of 40.34 million of working children and adolescents work in the agricultural sector.
As per the reports, only 9.9 million out of 40.34 million working children and adolescents from the age group ranging from 5 to 18 years attain education. It was stated by the CRY (Child Rights and You) that after analyzing the Census 2011 data on World Day against Child Labor.
The CRY stated that “no matter how unbelievable it sounds, the majority of children who work in India don’t toil around in factories and workshops, or work as domestic helpers or street vendors in cities. Instead they work in fields and farms, sprinkling pesticides or spraying manures, planting and harvesting crops and the livestock at farms and plantations are often tending.”
It is said that according to the Census 2011 data it reveals that out of all children who are involved in agriculture only a minuscule percentage are able to continue their education despite all the provisions from the Right to Education (RTE) Act being in place.
Priti Maharam, Director of Policy Advocacy and Research at CRY said that according to the Child Labor Law it is allowed for the children under the age of 14 years to help in their family enterprises without skipping their school hours. This is fraught is far-reaching effects on children’s right to play, learn and develop as a whole and specifically on those children who are helping their parents in agricultural work.
The issues mentioned above can be resolved by sending the children to the school instead of the fields. For this, the quality of the schools should be maintained adequately with the help of different mechanisms like grievance redressal cell and effectual monitoring. Interaction with teachers, parents, community leaders and children’s collectives for the importance of the child’s education by demanding effects of child labor will also be a right move.
She stated that “there is a need to empower communities with knowledge for demanding for proper implementation of livelihood schemes, proper food security and access to all government entitlements. She even stated that this is what we are also trying to do in CRY intervention areas.
According to the recent research findings by the International Labor Organization (ILO), out of 152 million children involved in child labor, over 70% put their laborious efforts in the field of the agricultural industry.
According to the current trends in India it reflects a similar picture, with around 60 per cent of children in the country being part of the economy it sustains the agricultural and related activities.
According to NGO’s statement, the ILO considered agriculture to be the second most hazardous occupation worldwide.