JEE Main Syllabus 2019

01 Sep, 2018

JEE Main Syllabus 2019 is no less than the treasure for the candidates seeking admission in top engineering institutions in India through JEE Main 2019. The candidates, who want to prepare for this exam in a particular way, must prepare in accordance with JEE Main Syllabus 2019. JEE Main Syllabus 2019 has been defined by the conducting body that is National Testing Agency (NTA). Recently, Union MHRD ministery has made a big decision regarding conduction of JEE Main exam which is, from 2019 onward, JEE Main exam will be conducted twice a year by NTA in online mode only. The candidates are suggested to prepare for each topic of JEE Main paper 1 and paper 2 given in the JEE Main Syllabus 2019 here on this page. The candidates are advised to read the whole page to check JEE Main Syllabus 2019 along with JEE Main Exam pattern 2019 and preparation tips.

Scholarship

JEE Main is a national level common entrance test conducted by NTA for the students seeking admission to bachelor‘s program in Engineering and Architecture offered by the top government institutions such as IITs and ISM, Dhanbad, and many other famous engineering institutions. NTA has announced dates for both JEE Main 2019 exam. NTA will be conducting 1st JEE Main 2019 exam from 6 to 20 January 2019 and 2nd session of JEE Main exam will be conducted from 6 to 20 April 2019. The candidates who have passed class 12 exams or equivalent exam will be eligible to apply for JEE Main 2019. Also, the students who will appear in the 12th exam in 2019 can participate in JEE Main 2019. The online application for JEE Main 2019 has been started for January 2019 exam from 1 September 2018. Both JEE Main 2019 exam will be conducted in 8 sittings and the candidates can choose one out of them. Keep reading to know detailed JEE Main Syllabus 2019.

JEE Main Syllabus 2019 – Check Syllabus Here

    The candidates preparing for JEE Main 2019 exam must be familiar with the JEE Main Syllabus 2019 and JEE Main exam pattern 2019. NTA has released JEE Main Syllabus 2019 for the aspirants. The candidates can check JEE Main 2019 syllabus for both paper 1 and paper 2 in the separate tables given below.

    Paper 1 JEE Main Syllabus 2019 for Physics

    JEE Main Syllabus 2019 for Physics is divided into total 2 sections and the candidates can check the unit-wise and topic-wise syllabus for each section below:

    Section A

    Units

    Topics

    Work, Energy and Power

    Potential energy of a spring, conservation of mechanical energy, conservative and non-conservative forces; Elastic and inelastic collisions in one and two dimensions. Work done by a constant force and a variable force; kinetic and potential energies, work energy theorem, power.

    Thermodynamics

    Thermal equilibrium, zeroth law of thermodynamics, concept of temperature. Carnot engine and its efficiency. Heat, work and internal energy. First law of thermodynamics. Second law of thermodynamics: reversible and irreversible processes.

    Rotational Motion

    Values of moments of inertia for simple geometrical objects, parallel and perpendicular axes theorems and their applications. Rigid body rotation, equations of rotational motion. Centre of mass of a two-particle system, Centre of mass of a rigid body; Basic concepts of rotational motion; moment of a force, torque, angular momentum, conservation of angular momentum and its applications; moment of inertia, radius of gyration.

    Properties of Solids and Liquids

    Pressure due to a fluid column; Pascal’s law and its applications. Viscosity, Stokes’ law, terminal velocity, streamline and turbulent flow, Reynolds number. Elastic behavior, Stress-strain relationship, Hooke’s Law, Young’s modulus, bulk modulus, modulus of rigidity. Surface energy and surface tension, angle of contact, application of surface tension – drops, bubbles and capillary rise. Heat, temperature, thermal expansion; specific heat capacity, calorimetry; change of state, latent heat. Bernoulli’s principle and its applications. Heat transfer-conduction, convection and radiation, Newton’s law of cooling.

    Physics and Measurement

    Least count, accuracy and precision of measuring instruments, Errors in measurement, Dimensions of Physical quantities, dimensional analysis and its applications. Physics, technology and society, S I units, Fundamental and derived units.

    Oscillations and Waves

    Simple harmonic motion (S.H.M.) and its equation; phase; oscillations of a spring -restoring force and force constant; energy in S.H.M. – kinetic and potential energies; Simple pendulum – derivation of expression for its time period; Free, forced and damped oscillations, resonance. Periodic motion – period, frequency, displacement as a function of time. Principle of superposition of waves, reflection of waves, Standing waves in strings and organ pipes, fundamental mode and harmonics, Beats, Doppler effect in sound Periodic functions. Displacement relation for a progressive wave. Wave motion. Longitudinal and transverse waves, speed of a wave.

    Optics

    Reflection and refraction of light at plane and spherical surfaces, Deviation and Dispersion of light by a prism, Lens Formula, Magnification, Power of a Lens, mirror formula, Total internal reflection and its applications, Combination of thin lenses in contact, Microscope and Astronomical Telescope (reflecting and refracting) and their magnifying powers. Wave optics: wavefront and Huygens’ principle, Laws of reflection and refraction using Huygen’s principle. Diffraction due to a single slit, width of central maximum. Resolving power of microscopes and astronomical telescopes, Polarisation, plane polarized light; Brewster’s law, uses of plane polarized light and Polaroids. Interference, Young’s double slit experiment and expression for fringe width.

    Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism

    Biot – Savart law and its application to current carrying circular loop. Ampere’s law and its applications to infinitely long current carrying straight wire and solenoid. Force on a moving charge in uniform magnetic and electric fields. Cyclotron. Current loop as a magnetic dipole and its magnetic dipole moment. Bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid, magnetic field lines; Earth’s magnetic field and magnetic elements. Para-, dia- and ferromagnetic substances. Magnetic susceptibility and permeability, Hysteresis, Electromagnets and permanent magnets.Force on a current-carrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field. Force between two parallel current-carrying conductors-definition of ampere. Torque experienced by a current loop in uniform magnetic field; Moving coil galvanometer, its current sensitivity and conversion to ammeter and voltmeter.

    Laws of Motion

    Force and Inertia, Newton’s First Law of motion; Momentum, Newton’s Second Law of motion; Impulse; Newton’s Third Law of motion. Law of conservation of linear momentum and its applications, Equilibrium of concurrent forces. Static and Kinetic friction, laws of friction, rolling friction. Dynamics of uniform circular motion: Centripetal force and its applications.

    Kinetic Theory of Gases

    Kinetic energy and temperature: RMS speed of gas molecules; Degrees of freedom, Law of equipartition of energy, applications to specific heat capacities of gases; Mean free path, Avogadro’s number. Equation of state of a perfect gas, work doneon compressing a gas. Kinetic theory of gases – assumptions, concept of pressure.

    Kinematics

    Frame of reference. Relative Velocity, Motion in a plane, Projectile Motion, Uniform Circular Motion. Motion in a straight line: Position-time graph, speed and velocity. Uniform and non-uniform motion, average speed and instantaneous velocity Uniformly accelerated motion, velocity-time, position-time graphs, relations for uniformly accelerated motion. Scalars and Vectors, Vector addition and Subtraction, Zero Vector, Scalar and Vector products, Unit Vector, Resolution of a Vector.

    Gravitation

    Kepler’s laws of planetary motion. Gravitational potential energy; gravitational potential. Escape velocity. Orbital velocity of a satellite. Geo-stationary satellites. The universal law of gravitation. Acceleration due to gravity and its variation with altitude and depth.

    Electrostatics

    Electric charges: Conservation of charge, Coulomb’s law-forces between two point charges, forces between multiple charges; superposition principle and continuous charge distribution. Electric field: Electric field due to a point charge, Electric field lines, Electric dipole, Electric field due to a dipole, Torque on a dipole in a uniform electric field. Conductors and insulators, Dielectrics and electric polarization, capacitor, combination of capacitors in series and in parallel, capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectric medium between the plates, Energy stored in a capacitor. Electric flux, Gauss’s law and its applications to find field due to infinitely long uniformly charged straight wire, uniformly charged infinite plane sheet and uniformly charged thin spherical shell. Electric potential and its calculation for a point charge, electric dipole and system of charges; Equipotential surfaces, Electrical potential energy of a system of two point charges in an electrostatic field.

    Electronic Devices

    Semiconductors; semiconductor diode: I-V characteristics in forward and reverse bias; diode as a rectifier; I-V characteristics of LED, photodiode, solar cell and Zener diode; Zener diode as a voltage regulator. Junction transistor, transistor action, characteristics of a transistor; transistor as an amplifier (common emitter configuration) and oscillator. Logic gates (OR, AND, NOT, NAND and NOR). Transistor as a switch.

    Electromagnetic Waves

    Electromagnetic waves and their characteristics. Transverse nature of electromagnetic waves.

    Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents

    Electromagnetic induction; Faraday’s law, induced emf and current; Lenz’s Law, Eddy currents. Self and mutual inductance. Alternating currents, peak and RMS value of alternating current/ voltage; reactance and impedance; LCR series circuit, resonance; Quality factor, power in AC circuits, wattless current. AC generator and transformer.

    Dual nature of Matter Andradiation

    Dual nature of radiation. Photoelectric effect, Hertz and Lenard’s observations; Einstein’s photoelectric equation; particle nature of light. Matter waves-wave nature of particle, de Broglie relation. Davisson-Germer experiment.

    Current Electricity

    Electric current, Drift velocity, Ohm’s law, Electrical resistance, V-I characteristics of Ohmic and nonohmic conductors, Electrical energy and power, Electrical resistivity, Resistances of different materials, Colour code for resistors; Series and parallel combinations of resistors; Temperature dependence of resistance. Electric Cell and its Internal resistance, potential difference and emf of a cell, combination of cells in series and in parallel. Wheatstone bridge, Metre bridge. Kirchhoff’s laws and their applications. Potentiometer – principle and its applications.

    Communication Systems

    Propagation of electromagnetic waves in the atmosphere; Sky and space wave propagation, Need for modulation, Amplitude and Frequency Modulation, Bandwidth of signals, Bandwidth of Transmission medium, Basic Elements of a Communication System.

    Atoms and Nuclei

    Alpha-particle scattering experiment; Rutherford’s model of atom; Bohr model, energy levels, hydrogen spectrum. Radioactivity-alpha, beta and gamma particles/rays and their properties; radioactive decay law. Composition and size of nucleus, atomic masses, isotopes, isobars; isotones. Mass-energy relation, mass defect; binding energy per nucleon and its variation with mass number, nuclear fission and fusion.

     

    Section B – Experimental Skills

    The candidates have to be familiar with the basic approach and observations of the following experiments and activities:

    • Characteristic curves of a transistor and finding current gain and voltage gain.
    • Characteristic curves of a p-n junction diode in forward and reverse bias.
    • Characteristic curves of a Zener diode and finding reverse break down voltage.
    • Co-efficient of Viscosity of a given viscous liquid by measuring terminal velocity of a given spherical body.
    • Comparison of emf of two primary cells.
      • Concave mirror, and
      • Convex lens
      • Convex mirror
    • Determination of internal resistance of a cell.
    • Focal length of:
    • Identification of Diode, LED, Transistor, IC, Resistor, Capacitor from mixed collection of such items.
    • Metre Scale – mass of a given object by principle of moments.
    • Plot of angle of deviation vs angle of incidence for a triangular prism.
    • Plotting a cooling curve for the relationship between the temperature of a hot body and time.
    • Potentiometer –
    • Refractive index of a glass slab using a travelling microscope.
    • Resistance and figure of merit of a galvanometer by half deflection method.
    • Resistance of a given wire using Ohm’s law.
    • Resistivity of the material of a given wire using metro bridge.
    • Screw gauge – its use to determine thickness/ diameter of thin sheet/ wire.
    • Simple Pendulum-dissipation of energy by plotting a graph between square of amplitude and time.
    • Specific heat capacity of a given (i) solid and (ii) liquid by method of mixtures.
    • Speed of sound in air at room temperature using a reasonable tube.
    • Surface tension of water by capillary rise and effect of detergents.
    • Using multimeter to:
      • using parallax method.
    • Vernier callipers – its use to measure the internal and external diameter and depth of a vessel.
    • Young’s modulus of elasticity of the material of a metallic wire.
      • Identify base of a transistor
      • Check the correctness or otherwise of a given electronic
      • Distinguish between NPN and PNP type transistor
      • See the unidirectional flow of current in case of a diode and an LED

    Paper 1 JEE Main Syllabus 2019 for Mathematics

    The candidates can check unit-wise and topic-wise paper 1 JEE Main Syllabus 2019 for Mathematics in the table below:

    Units

    Topics

    Binomial theorem and its simple applications

    Binomial theorem for a positive integral index, properties of Binomial coefficients and simple applications, general term and middle term.

    Complex numbers and quadratic equations

    Relation between roots and co-efficients, nature of roots, formation of quadratic equations with given roots. Complex numbers as ordered pairs of reals, Representation of complex numbers in the form a+ib and their representation in a plane, Argand diagram, algebra of complex numbers, modulus and argument (or amplitude) of a complex number, square root of a complex number, triangle inequality, Quadratic equations in real and complex number system and their solutions.

    Co-ordinate geometry

    Cartesian system of rectangular co-ordinates 10 in a plane, distance formula, section formula, locus and its equation, translation of axes, slope of a line, parallel and perpendicular lines, intercepts of a line on the coordinate axes.

    Circles, conic sections: Standard form of equation of a circle, general form of the equation of a circle, its radius and centre, equation of a circle when the end points of a diameter are given, points of intersection of a line and a circle with the centre at the origin and condition for a line to be tangent to a circle, equation of the tangent. Sections of cones, equations of conic sections (parabola, ellipse and hyperbola) in standard forms, condition for y = mx + c to be a tangent and point (s) of tangency.

    Straight lines: Various forms of equations of a line, intersection of lines, angles between two lines, conditions for concurrence of three lines, distance of a point from a line, equations of internal and external bisectors of angles between two lines, coordinates of centroid, orthocentre and circumcentre of a triangle, equation of family of lines passing through the point of intersection of two lines.

    Differential equations

    Ordinary differential equations, their order and degree. Formation of differential equations. solution of homogeneous and linear differential equations of the type: dy/dx+p(x)y=q(x), Solution of differential equations by the method of separation of variables

    Integral calculus

     

     

    Evaluation of simple integrals of the type Integral as limit of a sum: Fundamental Theorem of Calculus. Properties of definite integrals. Evaluation of definite integrals, determining areas of the regions bounded by simple curves in standard form.

    Integral as an anti – derivative: Fundamental integrals involving algebraic, trigonometric, exponential and logarithmic functions. Integration by substitution, by parts and by partial fractions. Integration using trigonometric identities.

    Limit, continuity and differentiability

    Real – valued functions, algebra of functions, polynomials, rational, trigonometric, logarithmic and exponential functions, inverse functions. Differentiation of the sum, difference, product and quotient of two functions. Differentiation of trigonometric, inverse trigonometric, logarithmic, exponential, composite and implicit functions; derivatives of order upto two. Graphs of simple functions. Limits, continuity and differentiability. Rolle’s and Lagrange’s Mean Value Theorems. Applications of derivatives: Rate of change of quantities, monotonic – increasing and decreasing functions, Maxima and minima of functions of one variable, tangents and normals.

    Mathematical induction

    Principle of Mathematical Induction and its simple applications.

    Mathematical reasoning

     

    Understanding of tautology, contradiction, converse and contrapositive. Statements, logical operations and, or, implies, implied by, if and only if.

    Matrices and determinants

    Adjoint and evaluation of inverse of a square matrix using determinants and elementary transformations, Test of consistency and solution of simultaneous linear equations in two or three variables using determinants and matrices. Matrices, algebra of matrices, types of matrices, determinants and matrices of order two and three. Properties of determinants, evaluation of determinants, area of triangles using determinants.

    Permutations and combinations

    Fundamental principle of counting, permutation as an arrangement and combination as selection, Meaning of P (n,r) and C (n,r), simple applications.

    Sequences and series

    Relation between A.M. and G.M. Sum upto n terms of special series: S n, S n2, Sn3. Arithmetico – Geometric progression. Arithmetic and Geometric progressions, insertion of arithmetic, geometric means between two given numbers.

    Sets, relations and functions

    Sets and their representation; Union, intersection and complement of sets and their algebraic properties; Power set; Relation, Types of relations, equivalence relations, functions; One-one, into and onto functions, composition of functions.

    Statistics and probability

     

    Probability: Probability of an event, addition and multiplication theorems of probability, Baye’s theorem, probability distribution of a random variate, Bernoulli trials and Binomial distribution.

    Measures of Dispersion: Calculation of mean, median, mode of grouped and ungrouped data calculation of standard deviation, variance and mean deviation for grouped and ungrouped data.

    Three-dimensional geometry

    Coordinates of a point in space, distance between two points, section formula, direction ratios and direction cosines, angle between two intersecting lines. Equations of a line and a plane in different forms, intersection of a line and a plane, coplanar lines. Skew lines, the shortest distance between them and its equation.

    Trigonometry

     

    Inverse trigonometrical functions and their properties. Heights and Distances. Trigonometrical identities and equations. Trigonometrical functions.

    Vector algebra

     

    Vectors and scalars, addition of vectors, components of a vector in 2 dimensions and three-dimensional space, scalar and vector products, scalar and vector triple product.

     

    Paper 1 JEE Main Syllabus 2019 for Chemistry

     JEE Main Syllabus for Chemistry is divided into 3 sections that are Organic Chemistry, Inorganic Chemistry, and Physical Chemistry. The candidates can check the unit-wise and topic-wise syllabus for each section in the table below:

    Section A: Organic Chemistry

    Units

    Topics

    Biomolecules

    General introduction and importance of biomolecules. CARBOHYDRATES – Classification: aldoses and ketoses; monosaccharides (glucose and fructose) and constituent monosaccharides of oligosacchorides (sucrose, lactose and maltose).

    NUCLEIC ACIDS –Chemical constitution of DNA and RNA. Biological functions of nucleic acids.

    PROTEINS –Elementary Idea of r – amino acids, peptide bond, polypeptides; Proteins: primary, secondary, tertiary and quaternary structure (qualitative idea only), denaturation of proteins, enzymes. VITAMINS –Classification and functions.

    Chemistry in Everyday Life

    Chemicals in medicines – Analgesics, tranquilizers, antiseptics, disinfectants, antimicrobials, antifertility drugs, antibiotics, antacids, antihistamins – their meaning and common examples.

    Cleansing agents – Soaps and detergents, cleansing action.

    Chemicals in food – Preservatives, artificial sweetening agents – common examples.

    Hydrocarbons

    Classification, isomerism, IUPAC nomenclature, general methods of preparation, properties and reactions.

    Alkanes – Conformations: Sawhorse and Newman projections (of ethane); Mechanism of halogenation of alkanes.

    Alkynes – Acidic character; Addition of hydrogen, halogens, water and hydrogen halides; Polymerization.

    Aromatic hydrocarbons – Nomenclature, benzene – structure and aromaticity; Mechanism of electrophilic substitution: halogenation, nitration, Friedel – Craft’s alkylation and acylation, directive influence of functional group in mono-substituted benzene.

    Alkenes – Geometrical isomerism; Mechanism of electrophilic addition: addition of hydrogen, halogens, water, hydrogen halides (Markownikoff’s and peroxide effect); Ozonolysis and polymerization.

    Organic compounds containing Halogens

    General methods of preparation, properties and reactions; Nature of C-X bond; Mechanisms of substitution reactions. Uses; Environmental effects of chloroform & iodoform freons and DDT.

    Organic compounds containing Nitrogen

    Diazonium Salts: Importance in synthetic organic chemistry. General methods of preparation, properties, reactions and uses. Amines: Nomenclature, classification, structure, basic character and identification of primary, secondary and tertiary amines and their basic character.

    Organic compounds containing Oxygen

    General methods of preparation, properties, reactions and uses.

    ALCOHOLS, PHENOLS AND ETHERS

    Alcohols: Identification of primary, secondary and tertiary alcohols; mechanism of dehydration.

    Phenols: Acidic nature, electrophilic substitution reactions: halogenation, nitration and sulphonation, Reimer – Tiemann reaction.

    Ethers: Structure. Nucleophilic addition reactions (addition of HCN, NH3 and its derivatives), Grignard reagent; oxidation; reduction (Wolff Kishner and Clemmensen); acidity of r – hydrogen, aldol condensation, Cannizzaro reaction, Haloform reaction; Chemical tests to distinguish between aldehydes and Ketones.

    Carboxylic Acids: Acidic strength and factors affecting it.

    Aldehyde and Ketones: Nature of carbonyl group; Nucleophilic addition to >C=O group, relative reactivities of aldehydes and ketones; Important reactions such as –

    Polymers

    General introduction and classification of polymers, general methods of polymerization-addition and condensation, copolymerization; Natural and synthetic rubber and vulcanization; some important polymers with emphasis on their monomers and uses – polythene, nylon, polyester and bakelite.

    Principles related to Practical Chemistry

    Chemistry involved in the preparation of the following: Inorganic compounds: Mohr’s salt, potash alum. Organic compounds: Acetanilide, pnitroacetanilide, aniline yellow, iodoform. Chemical principles involved in the qualitative salt analysis: Cations – Pb2+ , Cu2+, AI3+, Fe3+, Zn2+, Ni2+, Ca2+, Ba2+, Mg2+, NH4+. Anions- CO3 2-, S2-, SO4 2-, NO2-, NO3-, CI -, Br, I. (Insoluble salts excluded).

    Detection of extra elements (N,S, halogens) in organic compounds; Detection of the following functional groups: hydroxyl (alcoholic and phenolic), carbonyl (aldehyde and ketone), carboxyl and amino groups in organic compounds.

    Chemistry involved in the titrimetric excercises – Acids bases and the use of indicators, oxalic-acid vs KMnO4, Mohr’s salt vs KMnO4.

    Chemical principles involved in the following experiments:

    Enthalpy of solution of CuSO4, Enthalpy of neutralization of strong acid and strong base. Preparation of lyophilic and lyophobic sols. Kinetic study of reaction of iodide ion with hydrogen peroxide at room temperature.

    Purification and Characterisation of Organic Compounds

    Purification – Crystallization, sublimation, distillation, differential extraction and chromatography – principles and their applications

    Quantitative analysis (basic principles only) – Estimation of carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, halogens, sulphur, phosphorus.

    Calculations of empirical formulae and molecular formulae; Numerical problems in organic quantitative analysis.

    Qualitative analysis – Detection of nitrogen, sulphur, phosphorus and halogens.

    Some basic principles of Organic Chemistry

    Tetravalency of carbon; Shapes of simple molecules – hybridization (s and p); Classification of organic compounds based on functional groups: – C = C – , – C h C – and those containing halogens, oxygen, nitrogen and sulphur; Homologous series; Isomerism – structural and stereoisomerism.

    Electronic displacement in a covalent bond – Inductive effect, electromeric effect, resonance and hyper-conjugation.

    Common types of organic reactions – Substitution, addition, elimination and rearrangement.

    Nomenclature (Trivial and IUPAC)

    Covalent bond fission – Homolytic and heterolytic: free radicals, carbocations and carbanions; stability of carbocations and free radicals, electrophiles and nucleophiles.

     

    Section B: Inorganic Chemistry

    Units

    Topics

    S-Block Elements (Alkali and Alkaline Earth Metals)

    Group – 1 and 2 Elements:

    Preparation and properties of some important compounds – sodium carbonate and sodium hydroxide; Industrial uses of lime, limestone, Plaster of Paris and cement; Biological significance of Na, K, Mg and Ca.

    General introduction, electronic configuration and general trends in physical and chemical properties of elements, anomalous properties of the first element of each group, diagonal relationships.

    P-Block Elements

    Group – 13 to Group 18 Elements: General Introduction: Electronic configuration and general trends in physical and chemical properties of elements across the periods and down the groups; unique behaviour of the first element in each group.

    Groupwise study of the p – block elements

    Group – 13: Preparation, properties and uses of boron and aluminium; properties of boric acid, diborane, boron trifluoride, aluminium chloride and alums.

    Group – 14: Allotropes of carbon, tendency for catenation; Structure & properties of silicates, and zeolites.

    Group – 15: Properties and uses of nitrogen and phosphorus; Allotrophic forms of phosphorus; Preparation, properties, structure and uses of ammonia, nitric acid, phosphine and phosphorus halides, (PCl3, PCl5); Structures of oxides and oxoacids of phosphorus.

    Group – 16: Preparation, properties, structures and uses of ozone; Allotropic forms of sulphur; Preparation, properties, structures and uses of sulphuric acid (including its industrial preparation); Structures of oxoacids of sulphur.

    Group – 17: Preparation, properties and uses of hydrochloric acid; Trends in the acidic nature of hydrogen halides; Structures of Interhalogen compounds and oxides and oxoacids of halogens.

    Group –18: Occurrence and uses of noble gases; Structures of fluorides and oxides of xenon.

    Hydrogen

    Position of hydrogen in periodic table, isotopes, preparation, properties and uses of hydrogen; Physical and chemical properties of water and heavy water; reactions and uses of hydrogen peroxide; Hydrogen as a fuel, Structure, preparation.

    General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Metals

    Modes of occurrence of elements in nature, minerals, ores; Steps involved in the extraction of metals – concentration, Thermodynamic and electrochemical principles involved in the extraction of metals, reduction (chemical and electrolytic methods) and refining with special reference to the extraction of Al, Cu, Zn and Fe.

    Environmental Chemistry

    Tropospheric pollutants – Gaseous pollutants: Oxides of carbon, nitrogen and sulphur, hydrocarbons; their sources, harmful effects and prevention; Greenhouse effect and Global warming; Acid rain.

    Particulate pollutants: Smoke, dust, smog, fumes, mist; their sources, harmful effects and prevention.

    Environmental pollution – Atmospheric, water and soil.

    Atmospheric pollution – Tropospheric and Stratospheric

    Stratospheric pollution- Formation and breakdown of ozone, depletion of ozone layer – its mechanism and effects.

    Strategies to control environmental pollution.

    Water Pollution – Major pollutants such as, pathogens, organic wastes and chemical pollutants; their harmful effects and prevention.

    Soil pollution – Major pollutants such as: Pesticides (insecticides,. herbicides and fungicides), their harmful effects and prevention.

    d- and f-Block Elements

    Transition Elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence and characteristics, general trends in properties of the first row transition elements – physical properties, ionization enthalpy, oxidation states, atomic radii, colour, catalytic behaviour, magnetic properties, complex formation, interstitial compounds, alloy formation; Preparation, properties and uses of K2 Cr2 O7 and KMnO4 .

    Inner Transition Elements:

    Actinoids – Electronic configuration and oxidation states.

    Lanthanoids – Electronic configuration, oxidation states and lanthanoid contraction.

    Co-ordination Compounds

    Introduction to co-ordination compounds, Werner’s theory; ligands, co-ordination number, denticity, chelation; isomerism; Bonding-Valence bond approach and basic ideas of Crystal field theory, colour and magnetic properties; IUPAC nomenclature of mononuclear co-ordination compounds, Importance of co-ordination compounds (in qualitative analysis, extraction of metals and in biological systems).

    Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties

    Modem periodic law and present form of the periodic table, s, p, d and f block elements, electron gain enthalpy, valence, oxidation states and chemical reactivity, periodic trends in properties of elements atomic and ionic radii, ionization enthalpy.

     

    Section C – Physical Chemistry

    Units

    Topics

    Surface Chemistry

    Adsorption- Physisorption and chemisorption and their characteristics, factors affecting the adsorption of gases on solids – Freundlich and Langmuir adsorption isotherms, adsorption from solutions.

    Colloidal state- distinction among true solutions, colloids and suspensions, classification of colloids – lyophilic, lyophobic; multi molecular, macromolecular and associated colloids (micelles), preparation and properties of colloids – Tyndall effect, Brownian movement, electrophoresis, dialysis, coagulation and flocculation; Emulsions and their characteristics.

    Catalysis – Homogeneous and heterogeneous, activity and selectivity of solid catalysts, enzyme catalysis and its mechanism.

    States of Matter

    Classification of matter into solid, liquid and gaseous states.

    Solid State: Classification of solids: molecular, ionic, covalent and metallic solids, amorphous and crystalline solids (elementary idea); Bragg’s Law and its applications; Unit cell and lattices, calculations involving unit cell parameters, packing in solids (fcc, bcc and hcp lattices), voids, imperfection in solids; Electrical, magnetic and dielectric properties.

    Liquid State: Properties of liquids – vapour pressure, viscosity and surface tension and effect of temperature on them (qualitative treatment only).

    Gaseous State: Measurable properties of gases; Gas laws – Boyle’s law, root mean square and most probable velocities; Real gases, deviation from Ideal behaviour, Graham’s law of diffusion, Avogadro’s law, compressibility factor and van der Waals equation Charle’s law, Dalton’s law of partial pressure; Concept of Absolute scale of temperature; Ideal gas equation; Kinetic theory of gases; Concept of average.

    Some basic concepts in Chemistry

    Matter and its nature, Dalton’s atomic theory; Concept of atom, molecule, element and compound; Physical quantities and their measurements in Chemistry, S.I. Units, dimensional analysis; Laws of chemical combination; Atomic and molecular masses, mole concept, molar mass, percentage composition, precision and accuracy, significant figures, empirical and molecular formulae; Chemical equations and stoichiometry.

    Solutions

    Different methods for expressing concentration of solution – molality, molarity, mole fraction, percentage (by volume and mass both), vapour pressure of solutions and Raoult’s Law – Ideal and non-ideal solutions, vapour pressure – composition, plots for ideal and non-ideal solutions; Colligative properties of dilute solutions – relative lowering of vapour pressure, depression of freezing point, elevation of boiling point and osmotic pressure; Determination of molecular mass using colligative properties; Abnormal value of molar mass, van’t Hoff factor and its significance.

    Redox Reactions & Electrochemistry

    Electronic concepts of oxidation and reduction, redox reactions, oxidation number, rules for assigning oxidation number, balancing of redox reactions.

    Electrochemical cells – Electrolytic and Galvanic cells, different types of electrodes, electrode potentials including standard electrode potential, half – cell and cell reactions, emf of a Galvanic cell and its measurement; Nernst equation and its applications; Relationship between cell potential and Gibbs’ energy change; Dry cell and lead accumulator; Fuel cells.

    Eectrolytic and metallic conduction, conductance in electrolytic solutions, specific and molar conductivities and their variation with concentration: Kohlrausch’s law and its applications.

    Equilibrium

    Meaning of equilibrium, concept of dynamic equilibrium.

    Equilibria involving physical processes: Solid -liquid, liquid – gas and solid – gas equilibria, Henry’s law, general characterics of equilibrium involving physical processes.

    Ionic equilibrium: Weak and strong electrolytes, ionization of electrolytes, various concepts of acids and bases (Arrhenius, Bronsted – Lowry and Lewis) and their ionization, acid – base equilibria (including multistage ionization) and ionization constants, ionization of water, pH scale, common ion effect, hydrolysis of salts and pH of their solutions, solubility of sparingly soluble salts and solubility products, buffer solutions.

    Equilibria involving chemical processes: Law of chemical equilibrium, equilibrium constants (Kp and Kc) and their significance, significance of DG and DGo in chemical equilibria, factors affecting equilibrium concentration, pressure, temperature, effect of catalyst; Le Chatelier’s principle.

    Chemical Thermodynamics

    Fundamentals of thermodynamics: System and surroundings, extensive and intensive properties, state functions, types of processes.

    Second law of thermodynamics; Spontaneity of processes; DS of the universe and DG of the system as criteria for spontaneity, Dgo (Standard Gibbs energy change) and equilibrium constant.

    First law of thermodynamics – Concept of work, heat internal energy and enthalpy, heat capacity, molar heat capacity; Hess’s law of constant heat summation; Enthalpies of bond dissociation, combustion, formation, atomization, sublimation, phase transition, hydration, ionization and solution.

    Chemical Kinetics

    Rate of a chemical reaction, factors affecting the rate of reactions: pressure and catalyst; elementary and complex reactions, order and molecularity of reactions, concentration, temperature, rate law, rate constant and its units, differential and integral forms of zero and first order reactions, their characteristics and half – lives, effect of temperature on rate of reactions – Arrhenius theory, activation energy and its calculation, collision theory of bimolecular gaseous reactions (no derivation).

    Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure

    Kossel – Lewis approach to chemical bond formation, concept of ionic and covalent bonds.

    Covalent Bonding: Concept of electronegativity, Fajan’s rule, dipole moment; Valence Shell Electron Pair Repulsion (VSEPR) theory and shapes of simple molecules. Quantum mechanical approach to covalent bonding: Valence bond theory – Its important features, concept of hybridization involving s, p and d orbitals; Resonance.

    Ionic Bonding: Formation of ionic bonds, factors affecting the formation of ionic bonds; calculation of lattice enthalpy.

    Molecular Orbital Theory – Its important features, LCAOs, types of molecular orbitals (bonding, antibonding), sigma and pi-bonds, molecular orbital electronic configurations of homonuclear diatomic molecules, concept of bond order, bond length and bond energy.

    Elementary idea of metallic bonding. Hydrogen bonding and its applications.

    Atomic Structure

    Elementary ideas of quantum mechanics, quantum mechanical model of atom, its important features, concept of atomic orbitals as one electron wave functions; various quantum numbers and their significance; shapes of s, p and d – orbitals, electron spin and spin quantum number; Rules for filling electrons in orbitals – aufbau principle, Pauli’s exclusion principle and Hund’s rule, electronic configuration of elements, extra stability of half-filled and completely filled orbitals

    Thomson and Rutherford atomic models and their limitations; Nature of electromagnetic radiation, photoelectric effect; Spectrum of hydrogen atom, Bohr model of hydrogen atom – its postulates, limitations of Bohr’s model; Dual nature of matter, de-Broglie’s relationship, Heisenberg uncertainty principle derivation of the relations for energy of the electron and radii of the different orbits.

     

    JEE Main Syllabus 2019 for Paper 2 (for B. Arch/ B. Planning)

    Part 1
    • Analytical Reasoning Mental Ability (Visual, Numerical and Verbal)
    • Knowledge about places, persons, materials, Buildings, Texture, and Objects, related to Architecture and build-environment
    • Visualizing 3-dimensional objects from two-dimensional drawings
    • Visualizing different sides of 3-dimensional objects
    Part 2
    • Drawing & design of abstract or geometrical shapes and patterns in sketch by pencil.
    • Forming 2D and 3D compositions, using given forms and shapes.
    • Sketching of scenes and activities from memory of landscape (river fronts, jungles, trees, plants, etc) and rural life and urbanscape (public space, market, festivals, street scenes, monuments, recreational spaces, etc).
    • Three dimensional – perception: Understanding and appreciation of scale and color texture, proportion of objects, building forms and elements, harmony and contrast.
    • Transformation of forms both 2 D and 3 D union, subtraction, rotation, development of surfaces and volumes, Generation of Plan, elevations and 3 D views of objects.

    JEE Main Exam Pattern 2019

    If you are reading this article, you must be willing to appear in the exam. In this case, we advise you to go through the JEE Main Exam Pattern 2019. In order to avoid any confusion while preparing for the exam, a candidate must be well acquainted with the exam pattern of the exam. The candidates can check the JEE Main exam pattern 2019 for both the papers below.

    JEE Main Exam pattern for Paper 1:

    • Exam Mode: Computer-based Online Test (CBT)
    • Subjects: Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics
    • Total number of Questions: 30 question in each section
    • Exam Duration: 3 hours
    • Marking Scheme: 4 marks will be provided for each correct answer and 1 mark will be deducted for each wrong answer.

    JEE Main Exam pattern for Paper 2:

    • Exam Mode:  Part I (Mathematics) and Part II (Aptitude Test) in Computer
      Based Test (CBT) mode only and Part III (Drawing Test) in Pen & Paper Based (offline) mode
    • Subjects: Mathematics, Aptitude, Drawing
    • Total number of Questions:82
    • Exam Duration: 3 hours
    • Marking Scheme: 4 marks will be provided for each correct answer and 1 mark will be deducted for each wrong answer.

    JEE Main 2019 Preparation Tips

    In order to prepare for JEE Main 2019, the candidates will be required to know and follow some important tips. Here, we provide the candidates with some important tips which might help the candidates to crack JEE Main 2019 exam. JEE Main is the most popular common entrance exam in India and more than 12 lakh students appear in the exam every year. A few tips are given below that should be considered by the candidates while preparation:

    • First, the candidates have to know JEE Main Syllabus 2019 given on this page.
    • The candidates should try to cover the entire syllabus and they also need to know the topic which required more practice.
    • The candidates are advised to stick to the JEE Main Syllabus given on this page and don’t try to go beyond the syllabus.
    • The candidates are also advised to prepare a timetable and divide topics which need more time.
    • Practice more and more problems given in NCERT books and in related books.
    • Start solving questions from today, it will take you to the next level.

    In case of any query related to JEE Main Syllabus 2019, you can write to us in the comment section below.

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