Bachelor of Arts in Sociology

B.A. Sociology or Bachelor of Arts in Sociology is an undergraduate Sociology course. Sociology is the education of social associations, social stratification, social collaboration, philosophy, etc. Generally, B.A. (Sociology) degree course is the education of society. The degree course mostly covers the study of some of its generalized field’s viz. Practical Sociology, Comparative Sociology, Cultural Sociology, Cooperative Behaviour, Crime and Law-breaking, Community and Demography. Bachelor of Arts in Sociology is of three years period course.

Bachelor of Arts in Sociology Course Summary

COURSE NAME Bachelor of Arts in Sociology
KNOWN AS B.A. Sociology
LEVEL Graduation
TYPE Degree
ELIGIBILITY 10+2 OR Equivalent

 Bachelor of Arts in Sociology Eligibility Criteria

  • The main obligation for pursuing B.A. (Sociology) degree is succeeding 10+2 or corresponding examination in any stream from a documented board of the country.

 Bachelor of Arts in Sociology Syllabus

 Syllabus of Sociology as prescribed by various Universities and Colleges.

Year I: Sem. I (Basic Concepts in Sociology)
Units Subjects of Study
I Sociology: Nature, Scope and Significance; Relationship with History, Economics, Political Science, Anthropology and Psychology
II Basic Concepts: Society, Community, Association, Social Structure, Status & Role, Norms and Values
III Social Groups & Processes: Definition, Nature and types of Groups- Primary Secondary & Reference Group; Processes- Co-operation, Conflict and Accommodation.
IV Social Institutions: Marriage, Family, Kinship and Religion; Their Functions and Features
Sem. II (Society, Culture and Social Change)
I Societies: Types and Characteristics- Tribal, Rural, Urban, Industrial and Post-Industrial.
II Culture: Definition and Nature; Types- Material and Non- Material. Socialization: Its importance, Process and Stages. Social Control: Its Types and Means.
III Processes of Social Change: Characteristic Features of Industrialization, Modernization, Globalization and Secularization
VI Social Stratification: Concept and Bases; Forms- Caste, Class, Power & Gender
Year II: Sem. III (Methods in Social Research)
I Social Research: Definition, Nature and purpose; Steps in Social Research; Problem of Objectivity and Subjectivity in Social Research
II Research Method: Research Designs; Social Survey; Hypothesis- Types & significance; Sampling and Sampling Procedure
III Techniques of Data Collection: Types of Data; Techniques- Observation, Interview, Questionnaire, Schedule and Case Study
VI Statistical Analysis and Use of Computer in Social Research: Classification and Tabulation of data; Measures of Central Tendency: Mean, Median and Mode; Use of Computers in Social Research.
Sem. IV (Indian Society Optional I)
I Evolution of Indian Society: Traditional bases of Indian Society; Unity and Diversity in India; India as a Pluralistic Society.
II Indian Social Institutions: Kinship, Family, Marriage; Caste and its Changing Dimensions.
III Processes of Social Change in India: Sanskritization, Westernization, Parochiatization and Universatization
VI Social Issues and Problems: Gender Discrimination, Secularism and Religious Minorities, Problems of Dalits Women and OBC and Affirmative Actions
(Social Problems in India-Optional-II)
I Social Problem: Meaning and Definition; Importance of the Study of Social Problems; Sociological Perspectives on Social Problem-Anomie (Durkheim), Diffential Association (Sutherland), Labelling (Becker).
II Structural Issues: Inequality of Caste, Class Gender and Ethnicity; Communalism; Problems of Minorities.
III Problems and Issues: Female Foeticide, Dowry, Domestic Violence, Divorce; Problems of Aged.
VI Social Disorganization: Crime and Juvenile Delinquency, Corruption, Drug Addiction, Suicide, Prostitution and AIDS
Social Change and Development (Optional III)
I Social Change: Concept, Forms and Factors; Concept and Features of Development.
II Theories of Social Change: Linear (Spencer), Cyclical (Pareto), Fluctuation (Sorokin); Conflict Theory (Marx)
  Social Change in Contemporary India: Trends and Processes of Change – Sanskritisation, Westernisation, Modernisation and Secularisation
VI Development Programmes in India: Development Programme in India; The Five Year Plans, Community Development Programme, , Panchayat Raj; Impact of new Panchayati Raj on Women Empowerment
Year III: Sem. V (Foundations of Social Thought)
I Positivism: Comte’s Law of three stages, Social Static & Dynamics, Evolutionism- Spencer’s Evolutionary Approach
II Functionalism: Durkheims’ Concept of Social Fact, Division of labour in Society; Radcliffe Brown’s Structural-Functional Approach
III Conflict: Marx’s concept of Dialectical Historical Materialism, Class & Class Conflict; Coser’s Approach to Social Conflict
VI Inter-actionalism: Weber’s Interpretative Sociology; Types of Social Action; G.H. Mead’s Concept of Self & Society
Sem. VI (Population Studies-Optional I)
I Population Studies: Meaning, Scope and Significance; Demographic Processes: Fertility, Mortality and Migration
II Population Theories: Malthusian, Demographic Transition and Optimum Population Theory
III Population Composition in India: Age Structure, Sex-Ratio, Rural-Urban Composition, Literacy in India
VI Population Planning and Control: Needs and Objectives; Population Policy of India, National Rural Health Mission
Environment and Society-Optional II)
I Environment and its Concepts: Ecology, Eco-system, Environment and Society – their inter-relations; Eco-Feminism
II Environmental Issues: Sustainable Development, Industrialization and Development, Urbanization and Development, Environmental Degradation
III Environment and Development: Global Efforts for Resource Conservation, Environmental Movements: Chipko Movement, Narmada Bachao Andolan, Ganga Bachao Abhyan; Forest Rights.
VI Contemporary Environmental Problems: Problems of Water, Deforestation, Urban Wastes, Slums, Global-Warming and Climate Change.
Rural Society: (Structure and Change-Optional-III)
I Introduction to Rural Sociology: Origin, Nature, Subject Matter and Importance.
II Rural Social Structure: Caste and Class in Rural Set Up, Inter Caste Relation with reference to Jajmani System; Rural Family and Changing pattern
III Rural Economy: Land Tenure System, Land Reforms; Green Revolution and Its Impact; Bonded and Migrant Labourers; Major Changes in Rural Society.
VI Rural Political Structure: Traditional Caste and Village Panchayats; Panchayati Raj before and after 73rdConstitutional Amendment, Panchayati Raj and Empowerment of Women

Bachelor of Arts in Sociology Paper Pattern

 Maximum Marks -100 Marks

Theory -80 Marks

Internal Assessment – 20 Marks (Division of Marks as given below)

Two Handwritten Assignments: 10%

(First Assignment after one month & Second Assignment after two months)

One Class Test: 5%

(One period duration)

Attendance: 5%

Marks of attendance will be given as under:

(1) 91 % onwards: 5 Marks

(2) 81% to 90%: 4Marks

(3) 75% to 80%: 3Marks

(4) 70 % to 75%: 2Marks*

(5) 65 % to 70%: 1Mark*

* For students engaged in co-curricular activities of the colleges’ only/authenticated medical grounds duly approved by the concerned Principal.

Time: – 3 Hrs.

Note for paper setter:

The question paper will consist of four Units, having a set of two questions with internal choice within each unit. The candidate will be required to answer one question from each unit. However, one compulsory question of short answer type would be set from the entire syllabus comprising eight sub-questions of two marks each under 5th unit. All questions will carry equal marks.

Papers and their nomenclature for Six Semesters degree course

B.A. 1st Semester         Basic Concepts in Sociology

B.A. 2nd Semester       Society, Culture and Social Change

B.A. 3rd Semester        Methods in Social Research

B.A. 4th Semester

Optional Papers *

  1. i) Indian Society
  2. ii) Social Problems in India

iii) Social Change and Development

* The candidate will have to opt for only one optional paper amongst the three papers listed above.

B.A. 5th Semester           Foundations of Social Thought

B.A. 6th Semester

Optional Papers *

  1. i) Population Studies
  2. ii) Society and Environment
  3.  iii) Rural Society: Structure and Change

* The candidate will have to opt for only one optional paper amongst the three papers listed above.

 Bachelor of Arts in Sociology Top Institutes in India

1 A.B.V. Government Degree College
2 Alva’s College
3 Ambassy College for Girl’s
4 Bareilly College
5 Baring Union Christian College
6 Barrackpore Rastraguru Surendranath College
7 Bishop Choolaparambil Memorial College for Women (BCM College)
8 Canara College
9 Crossland College
10 Demow College


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