Aerospace Engineering is that branch which deals with the Design, Development, testing and production of aircraft and related systems like missiles, rocket- propulsion systems, space shuttles etc.
The original term of Aerospace Engineering was Aeronautical Engineering but after the Advancement of technology include craft opening in outer space, the term was replaced to Aerospace Engineering. It comes under engineering courses. It is the Demanding and challenging branch of engineering.
Aerospace Engineering focuses on Designing, construction, development, testing and maintenance of commercial and military aircraft and spacecraft.
An individual who specialises in Aerospace Engineering and possesses the Bachelors Degree in Aerospace Engineering is titled as an Aerospace Engineer.
The Aerospace Engineer came into existence in the late 19th to early 20th century. Aerospace engineers launched its first American satellite 31st January 1958.
The components of Aerospace Engineering are:
- Radar Cross-Section
- Fluid Mechanics
- Statics and Dynamics (engineering mechanics)
- Control Engineering
- Aircraft structures
- Materials science
- Solid mechanics
- Risk and reliability
- Noise control
- Flight test
Aerospace Engineering integrates all these elements to design a fully functional aerospace vehicle.
Duties of an Aerospace Engineer
- An aerospace engineer develops, maintains and tests the performance of civil and military aircraft, missiles, Satellites and space vehicles that meet the customer requirements.
- Settling the issues that arise during the design, development and testing processes.
- Modifying design to inbuilt some new functions and improve safety features.
- Performing ground and flight-testing programmes on prototypes.
- Estimate feasibility, predictability, cost, and production time of an aerospace vehicle.
- Write and review technical reports.
Courses & Eligibility
There are lots of courses available in the field of Aerospace Engineering. You can pursue an advanced diploma, bachelors, masters and PhD courses in this field. This is career focused on courses after 12th Science.
Various courses of aerospace engineering field are listed below:
- Undergraduate courses: Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech) degree of four-year duration.
- Master courses: Master of Aerospace Engineering (MAE) degree of three years duration.
- Master of Science in Aeronautics & Astronautics
- Sc. Aerospace Engineering
- PhD in Aerospace Engineering
For Bachelors courses candidates must have passed 12th with PCM Group and for master courses, students must hold a Bachelor degree in the related field.
For master’s course, students must have a Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech) degree in Aerospace Engineering. Candidates holding master’s degree will be eligible to pursue doctoral courses in this field.
Candidates having a strong desire for B.Tech are required to appear the entrance examination after the completion of 10+2. Joint Entrance Examination Main (JEE Main) is the well-known national level entrance exam which provides entry to undergraduate engineering courses.
Those candidates who wish to take admission in IIT’s have to qualify JEE Advanced which is the second stage of JEE Main.
Various Institutions/Universities has its own entrance test for granting admission in B.Tech programme. Some states also conduct their entrance exams for providing admission.
Colleges for Aeronautical Engineering
- IIT Kanpur
- IIT Kharagpur
- IIT Bombay
- Indian Institute of Science
- University of Petroleum and Energy Studies
- Hindustan University
An Aerospace Engineer can work in both government & private sectors. There are many job opportunities for aerospace engineers in India as well as abroad.
Basically, an Aerospace Engineer design develops researchers test and maintains the performance of military & civil aircraft, rockets, missiles, weapons systems, satellites.
Major Job opportunities’ for the Aerospace Engineers are available in Air Force, Airlines, Corporate Research Companies Helicopter Companies, Helicopter Companies, and Defence Ministry, Aviation Companies, NASA, Flying clubs, Aeronautical Laboratories, Aircraft manufacturers, government owned air service and many others.
Job opportunity in the field of teaching is also open for the candidates possessing master’s degree in aerospace engineering
Types of Job Profiles:
- Aerospace designer checker
- Aircraft production managers
- Mechanical design engineers
- Assistant technical officers
- Thermal design engineers
Some Reputed Recruiters are;
In India, there are various companies which provide job in the field of aerospace engineering. Some of them are as follows:
- Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL)
- Defence Research and Development Laboratories (DRDO)
- Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO)
- Civil Aviation Department
- Air India
- India Space Research Organization (ISRO)
- Tata Advanced Systems
- Mahindra Aerospace
- Taneja Aerospace
- Samtel Avionics
- Pawan Hans Helicopters
- Aeronautical Development Agency (ADA)
- Aeronautical Development Establishment (ADE)
- National Aerospace Laboratories (NAL)
In India, the average salary for an Aerospace Engineer is above 6 Lakh per year. An aerospace engineer graduated from IIT may expect the maximum salary of 15 Lakh per year.
In the USA, An Aerospace Engineer earns $107,700 per year.
Salary also depends on your experience the more you gain experience more you get a salary.
An experienced aerospace engineer with the master degree could get a handsome salary package. Experience will add value to your CV and also a high salary package.
Books & Study Materials
Presently, the market is full of numbers of books, volumes, journals on Aerospace Engineering. Here we have listed some books which will help you throughout your studies:
- Flight Stability and Automatic Control – Nelson, R.C
- Aerodynamics, Aeronautics, and Flight Mechanics – McCormick
- Aircraft Structures – Peery, D.J. and Azar, J.J
- Aircraft Design: A Conceptual Approach – by Dan Raymer
- Airframe Stress Analysis and Sizing – by Michael Niu
- Aircraft Propulsion – Saeed Farokhi
- Mechanics and Thermodynamics of Propulsion – Philip Hill
- Compressible Fluid Flow – Patrick H. Oosthuizen
- System Dynamics- William J. Palm III
- Gas Turbine Theory – Henry Cohen
- Aircraft Performance & Design – John D. Anderson Jr.